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TAMAN FIZIK

Marilah bersama-sama memeriahkan Taman Fizik ini..free of charge..pelbagai tumbuhan terdapat di sini…

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ENERGY

Energy is one of the most fundamental parts of our universe.

We use energy to do work. Energy lights our cities. Energy powers our vehicles, trains, planes and rockets. Energy warms our homes, cooks our food, plays our music, gives us pictures on television. Energy powers machinery in factories and tractors on a farm.

Energy from the sun gives us light during the day. It dries our clothes when they’re hanging outside on a clothes line. It helps plants grow. Energy stored in plants is eaten by animals, giving them energy. And predator animals eat their prey, which gives the predator animal energy.

Everything we do is connected to energy in one form or another.

Energy is defined as: “the ability to do work.”

When we eat, our bodies transform the energy stored in the food into energy to do work. When we run or walk, we “burn” food energy in our bodies. When we think or read or write, we are also doing work. Many times it’s really hard work!

Cars, planes, light bulbs, boats and machinery also transform energy into work.

Work means moving something, lifting something, warming something, lighting something. All these are a few of the various types of work. But where does energy come from?

There are many sources of energy. In The Energy Story, we will look at the energy that makes our world work. Energy is an important part of our daily lives.

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RADIOACTIVITY

Radioactivity is the spontaneous emission of energy from unstable atoms.

Atoms are found in all natural matter. There are stable atoms, which remain the same forever, and unstable atoms, which break down or ‘decay’ into new atoms. These unstable atoms are said to be ‘radioactive’, because they emit radioactivity from the nucleus as they decay.

Radioactive elements, such as uranium, thorium and potassium break down (decay) fairly readily to form lighter atoms. The energy that is released in the process is made up of small, fast-moving particles and high-energy waves. These particles and waves are, of course, invisible. (The level of radioactivity of an element varies according to how stable its atoms are). Other elements with naturally occurring radioactive forms, (isotopes) are carbon, bismuth, radon, and strontium.

Radioactivity is a random process that happens naturally as the isotopes in particular elements decay. The isotopes continue to break down over time. The length of time that is taken for half of the nuclei in an element to decay is called its ‘half-life’. A half-life can be very short (milliseconds to hours) or very long (hundreds of thousands of years).

Radiation also arises from nuclear fission. Fission can be spontaneous but is usually initiated in a nuclear reactor. Fission is a radioactive process; it releases energy as the heavy nucleus is split into two.

Radioisotopes are commonly used in medicine, and are produced as a by-product of nuclear energy.

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Kes gugur anak

http://www.faizalbobby.com/2010/01/lelakijantan-ke-haiwanepisod-satu.html

http://www.bharian.com.my/bharian/articles/Gugurkandunganberkali-kali/Article/print_html

http://intim.wordpress.com/2007/06/14/implikasi-pengguguran-haram/

http://erozbyte.com/blog/tag/cara-gugur-kandungan/

http://amikosaito.blogspot.com/2010_03_01_archive.html

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The Galaxy

A galaxy is a massive, gravitationally bound system that consists of stars and stellar remnants, an interstellar medium of gas dust, and an important but poorly understood component tentatively dubbed dark matter.[1][2] The name is from the Greek root galaxias [γαλαξίας], literally meaning “milky”, a reference to the Milky Way galaxy. Typical galaxies range from dwarfs with as few as ten million (107) stars,[3] up to giants with a hundred trillion (1014) stars,[4] all orbiting the galaxy’s center of mass. Galaxies may contain many star systems, star clusters, and various interstellar clouds. The Sun is one of the stars in the Milky Way galaxy; the Solar System includes the Earth and all the other objects that orbit the Sun.
Historically, galaxies have been categorized according to their apparent shape (usually referred to as their visual morphology). A common form is the elliptical galaxy,[5] which has an ellipse-shaped light profile. Spiral galaxies are disk-shaped assemblages with dusty, curving arms. Galaxies with irregular or unusual shapes are known as irregular galaxies, and typically result from disruption by the gravitational pull of neighboring galaxies. Such interactions between nearby galaxies, which may ultimately result in galaxies merging, may induce episodes of significantly increased star formation, producing what is called a starburst galaxy. Small galaxies that lack a coherent structure could also be referred to as irregular galaxies.

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The Solar System

The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. It has a diameter of about 1,392,000 km, about 109 times that of Earth, and its mass (about 2×1030 kilograms, 330,000 times that of Earth) accounts for about 99.86% of the total mass of the Solar System.[10] About three quarters of the Sun’s mass consists of hydrogen, while the rest is mostly helium. Less than 2% consists of heavier elements, including oxygen, carbon, neon, iron, and others.


The Solar System[a] consists of the Sun and the astronomical objects bound to it by gravity, all of which formed from the collapse of a giant molecular cloud approximately 4.6 billion years ago. Of the many objects that orbit the Sun, most of the mass is contained within eight relatively solitary planets[e] whose orbits are almost circular and lie within a nearly flat disc called the ecliptic plane. The four smaller inner planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars, also called the terrestrial planets, are primarily composed of rock and metal. The four outer planets, the gas giants, are substantially more massive than the terrestrials. The two largest, Jupiter and Saturn, are composed mainly of hydrogen and helium; the two outermost planets, Uranus and Neptune, are composed largely of ices, such as water, ammonia and methane, and are often referred to separately as “ice giants”.
The Solar System is also home to two regions populated by smaller objects. The asteroid belt, which lies between Mars and Jupiter, is similar to the terrestrial planets as it is composed mainly of rock and metal. Beyond Neptune’s orbit lie trans-Neptunian objects composed mostly of ices such as water, ammonia and methane. Within these two regions, five individual objects, Ceres, Pluto, Haumea, Makemake and Eris, are recognized to be large enough to have been rounded by their own gravity, and are thus termed dwarf planets.[e] In addition to thousands of small bodies[e] in those two regions, various other small body populations, such as comets, centaurs and interplanetary dust, freely travel between regions.

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